EFFECT OF ERYTHRITOL ON QUALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF REDUCED-CALORIE DANISH COOKIES
The effects of erythritol on the quality characteristics of Danish cookies were studied. Danish cookies were formulated using erythritol as a sweetener to replace 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100% sucrose. The results showed that Hunter L-values and erythritol contents of cookies increased with increasing erythritol level whereas there was no difference in the moisture, protein, fat, ash and hardness of cookies prepared with sucrose or erythritol. The erythritol was stable during baking. In descriptive analysis, the surface color of cookies became lighter, and the sweetness of cookies became less sweet as erythritol level increased and sucrose decreased. The 50, 75 and 100% erythritol cookies had a cooling sensation. The moistness and hardness of cookies showed no difference among all samples. In hedonic test, the degree of surface color, sweetness, hardness, flavor and overall liking of cookies prepared with 0, 25 and 50% replacement of sucrose with erythritol revealed no difference. However, lower degree of sensory qualities (except hardness) liking of 75 and 100% erythritol cookies was observed. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS
Sucrose is one of the principal ingredients of cookies. But a sucrose-rich diet had been proven to be associated with lipogenesis and obesity. Erythritol is a sugar alcohol and has a good tolerance by humans. It is a noncariogenic, nonglycemic and low-calorie sweetener that is safe for diabetics. In addition, it possesses antioxidant properties. The study explores the possibility of utilizing erythritol to produce acceptable cookies.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Food Science and Applied BiotechnologyHungkuang UniversityTaichung, Taiwan 2: Department of Food Science and BiotechnologyNational Chung-Hsing UniversityTaichung, Taiwan
Publication date: 2010-09-01