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The Use of Crossover Immunoelectrophoresis to Detect Human Blood Protein in Soil from an Ambush Scene in Kosovo*,†

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Abstract:  This study examines the survivability of human blood proteins in soils from a year and a half old ambush scene in Kosovo. A total of 72 soil samples were collected, a number of which were directly associated with bone fragments or bullet projectiles. The samples were examined using crossover immunoelectrophoresis (CIEP) to determine the presence of blood protein and species affiliation. Human blood proteins were identified in 44 of the 72 samples (61%) with the majority of the positive observations (29 of 44) found 0.0–4.5 cm below ground surface (65%). Chi‐squared and two‐sample difference of proportions tests confirmed significant differences between samples with and without associated physical evidence and the presence and depth of human blood proteins. While DNA has largely replaced immunological analysis in forensic analyses, our results suggest that in particular situations, CIEP may still be a valuable tool in criminology.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command, Central Identification Laboratory, 310 Worchester Avenue, JBPHH, HI 96853. 2: Louisiana Museum of Natural Science, 119 Foster Hall, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803.

Publication date: 2012-07-01

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