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Scavenging Behavior of Lynx rufus on Human Remains During the Winter Months of Southeast Texas

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Abstract:  Animal‐scavenging alterations on human remains can be mistaken as human criminal activity. A 32‐day study, documenting animal scavenging on a human cadaver, was conducted at the Southeast Texas Applied Forensic Science facility, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, Texas. A Stealth Cam Rogue IR was positioned near the cadaver to capture scavenging activity. An atypical scavenger, the bobcat, Lynx rufus, was recorded feeding on the cadaver. Scavenging by bobcats on human remains is not a predominant behavior and has minimal documentation. Scavenging behaviors and destruction of body tissues were analyzed. Results show that the bobcat did not feed on areas of the body that it does for other large animal carcasses. Results also show the bobcat feeds similarly during peak and nonpeak hours. Understanding the destruction of human tissue and covering of the body with leaf debris may aid forensic anthropologists and pathologists in differentiating between nefarious human activity and animal scavenging.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Chemistry Department, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, TX. 2: Department of Biological Sciences, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, TX. 3: Anthropology Department, University of Houston, Houston, TX. 4: College of Criminal Justice/Forensic Science, Sam Houston State University, Box 2296, Huntsville, TX 77341-2296.

Publication date: 01 May 2012

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