Facial Symmetry in Robust Anthropometrics*
Author: Kalina, Jan
Source: Journal of Forensic Sciences, Volume 57, Number 3, 1 May 2012 , pp. 691-698(8)
Abstract:Abstract: Image analysis methods commonly used in forensic anthropology do not have desirable robustness properties, which can be ensured by robust statistical methods. In this paper, the face localization in images is carried out by detecting symmetric areas in the images. Symmetry is measured between two neighboring rectangular areas in the images using a new robust correlation coefficient, which down-weights regions in the face violating the symmetry. Raw images of faces without usual preliminary transformations are considered. The robust correlation coefficient based on the least weighted squares regression yields very promising results also in the localization of such faces, which are not entirely symmetric. Standard methods of statistical machine learning are applied for comparison. The robust correlation analysis can be applicable to other problems of forensic anthropology.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2012-05-01