Speech Watermarking: An Approach for the Forensic Analysis of Digital Telephonic Recordings

Authors: Faundez-Zanuy, Marcos1; Lucena-Molina, Jose J.2; Hagmüller, Martin3

Source: Journal of Forensic Sciences, Volume 55, Number 4, July 2010 , pp. 1080-1087(8)

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

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In this article, the authors discuss the problem of forensic authentication of digital audio recordings. Although forensic audio has been addressed in several articles, the existing approaches are focused on analog magnetic recordings, which are less prevalent because of the large amount of digital recorders available on the market (optical, solid state, hard disks, etc.). An approach based on digital signal processing that consists of spread spectrum techniques for speech watermarking is presented. This approach presents the advantage that the authentication is based on the signal itself rather than the recording format. Thus, it is valid for usual recording devices in police-controlled telephone intercepts. In addition, our proposal allows for the introduction of relevant information such as the recording date and time and all the relevant data (this is not always possible with classical systems). Our experimental results reveal that the speech watermarking procedure does not interfere in a significant way with the posterior forensic speaker identification.

Keywords: digital recording; forensic science; forensic speaker identification; watermarking

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1556-4029.2010.01395.x

Affiliations: 1: Escola Universitària Politécnica de Mataró, Avda. Puig i Cadafalch 101-111, 08303 Mataró, Barcelona, Spain. 2: Dirección General de la Guardia Civil 28003, Spain. 3: Graz University of Technology Graz, 8010, Austria.

Publication date: July 1, 2010

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