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Evaluation of Stature Estimation from the Database for Forensic Anthropology

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Abstract: 

Trotter and Gleser’s ( 1–3) stature equations, conventionally used to estimate stature, are not appropriate to use in the modern forensic context. In this study, stature is assessed with a modern (birth years after 1944) American sample (N = 242) derived from the National Institute of Justice Database for Forensic Anthropology in the United States and the Forensic Anthropology Databank. New stature formulae have been calculated using forensic stature (FSTAT) and a combined dataset of forensic, cadaver, and measured statures referred to as Any Stature (ASTAT). The new FSTAT-based equations had an improved accuracy in Blacks with little improvement over Ousley’s ( 4) equations for Whites. ASTAT-based equations performed equal to those of FSTAT equations and may be more appropriate, because they reflect both the variation in reported statures and in cadaver statures. It is essential to use not only equations based on forensic statures, but also equations based on modern samples.
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Keywords: biological profile; database for forensic anthropology; forensic anthropology; forensic science; stature estimation; stature formulae

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Anthropology, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996-0720. 2: Department of Anthropology and Middle Eastern Cultures, 206 Cobb Institute of Archaeology, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762.

Publication date: 01 May 2010

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