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A Metric Method for Sex Determination Using the Proximal Femur and Fragmentary Hipbone

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The pubic bone is considered one of the best sources of information for determining sex using skeletal remains, but can be easily damaged postmortem. This problem has led to the development of nonpelvic methods for cases when the pubic bone is too damaged for analysis. We approached this problem from a different perspective. In this article, we present an approach using new measurements and angles of the proximal femur to recreate the variation in the pubic bone. With a sample from the Terry Collection (n > 300), we use these new variables along with other traditional measurements of the femur and hipbone to develop two logistic regression equations (femur and fragmentary hipbone, and femur only) that are not population specific. Tests on an independent sample (Grant Collection; n = 37–40) with a different pattern of sexual dimorphism resulted in an allocation accuracy of 95–97% with minimal difference by sex.
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Keywords: femur; forensic anthropology; forensic science; human identification; pelvis; sex determination; skeletal

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Windsor, Windsor, ON, Canada N9B 3P4.

Publication date: 01 November 2008

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