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Frontal Sinus Accuracy in Identification as Measured by False Positives in Kin Groups

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Abstract:

Abstract: 

The aims of this study were to verify if frontal sinuses can uniquely identify individuals belonging to family groups using Cameriere methods and to test if kinship can affect the proportion of erroneous identifications. For this purpose, we compared the proportion of false-positive identifications in a sample of 99 individuals within 20 families with a control sample of 98 other individuals without kinship. The results show that the combined use of SOR and the Yoshino code number allows personal identification with a small probability of false positives (p < 10−6), even when kinship is taken into account. The present research confirms the importance of studying anthropological frameworks for identification, which leads to reliable methods and allows for both quick and economic procedures.

Keywords: forensic anthropology; forensic science; frontal sinus; identification probability; personal identification

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1556-4029.2008.00851.x

Affiliations: 1: Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Macerata, Macerata, Italy. 2: Institute of Microbiology and Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Polytechnical University of Marches, Ancona, Italy. 3: Department of Palaeontology, The Natural History Museum, London, U.K. 4: Department of Anatomy, King’s College, University of London, WC2R 2LS, U.K.

Publication date: November 1, 2008

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