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Environmental factors influencing adult sex ratio in

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The potential causes of adult sex ratio variation in guppies Poecilia reticulata were tested in laboratory experiments that evaluated the mortality rates of male and female P. reticulata exposed to potential predators (Hart's rivulus Rivulus hartii and freshwater prawns Macrobrachium crenulatum) and to different resource levels. Poecilia reticulata mortality increased in the presence of R. hartii and M. crenulatum, and low resource levels had an effect on mortality only in the presence of M. crenulatum. Rivulus hartii preyed more often on male than on female P. reticulata, and this sex‐biased predation was not simply the result of males being smaller than females. In contrast, no sex‐biased mortality was attributable to M. crenulatum or low resource levels.

Document Type: Regular Paper


Publication date: 2011-10-01

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