Conservation and management of seahorses and other Syngnathidae

$48.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Download / Buy Article:

Abstract:

This article analyses the pressures on seahorses and explores conservation responses. It focuses on seahorses (Hippocampus spp.) but also considers pipefishes and seadragons, especially where they can fill gaps in seahorse knowledge. The charisma of many syngnathids can make them good flagship species for threats and solutions in marine conservation. The article combines a synthesis of published literature with new data on the trade in seahorses for traditional medicine, aquarium display and curiosities. Most traded seahorses come from trawl by-catch, although seahorses are also targeted. The total extraction is large, tens of millions of animals annually, and unsustainable. A first review of the effect of habitat change on syngnathids raises many questions, while suggesting that some species may cope better than others. The combination of pressures means that many species of syngnathid are now included in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species or national equivalents. In addition, seahorse exports from 175 countries are limited to sustainable levels under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) of Wild Fauna and Flora. Possible conservation measures include marine protected areas, fisheries management, select aquaculture ventures, trade regulation, improved governance (particularly) and consumer engagement.

Keywords: aquarium trade; by-catch; habitat degradation; threatened species; traditional Chinese medicine

Document Type: Editorial

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.2011.03003.x

Affiliations: 1: Project Seahorse, Fisheries Centre, The University of British Columbia, 2202 Main Mall, Vancouver, V6T 1Z4 Canada 2: Project Seahorse, Zoological Society of London, Regent's Park, London NW1 4RY, U.K.

Publication date: June 1, 2011

Related content

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more