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Larval ontogeny and morphology of giant trahira Hoplias lacerdae

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In the present study, the morphology and behaviour of giant trahira Hoplias lacerdae larvae were investigated, from hatching to complete absorption of the yolk sac, under laboratory conditions. In the first day post-hatching (dph), the larvae presented a big ovoid-shaped yolk sac that underwent regression during larval ontogeny. The mouth opened 3 dph, when the pectoral fins were evident. From this day, the larvae were able to perform sudden bursts of activity and appear to be able to swim a few centimetres before sinking again. The branchial apparatus was defined at 5 dph, and by 6 dph the operculum was formed. The internal organs such as intestine, liver, kidney and external sensorial structures were present at 7 dph. The yolk sac remained until 7 dph.

Keywords: Characiformes; developmental biology; neotropical fish; scanning electron microscopy

Document Type: Regular Paper


Affiliations: 1: Departamento de Biologia Geral, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, CEP 36570-000, Viçosa, MG, Brazil 2: Departamento de Biologia Animal, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, CEP 36570-000, Viçosa, MG, Brazil

Publication date: March 1, 2010

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