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Characterization and expression of a myosin heavy–chain isoform in juvenile walleye Sander vitreus

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Abstract:

In this study, myosin, the major component of myofibrillar protein in the skeletal muscle, was characterized and its expression was monitored during growth in juvenile walleye Sander vitreus. First, the coding region of myosin heavy chain (MyHC) from the fast skeletal muscle of walleye was amplified by long-distance PCR using a full-length cDNA. Phylogenetic analysis was used to determine the evolutionary relationship of this S. vitreus myosin sequence to other vertebrate myosin sequences. Next, it was established that the myosin isoform was most prevalent in the white muscle, compared with the red and cardiac muscle. Myosin expression was monitored over a series of experiments designed to influence growth. Specifically, change in MyHC mRNA was monitored after acute changes in feeding. Fish exposed to a one-week fasting period showed significant decreases in MyHC mRNA levels by the end of the fast. The effect of feeding was also examined more closely over a 24 h period after feeding, but results showed no significant change in myosin expression levels through this time period. Finally, fish with higher growth rates had higher MyHC mRNA and protein expression levels. This study indicates that MyHC mRNA expression is sensitive to the factors that may influence growth in juvenile S. vitreus.

Keywords: fasting; gene expression; growth; muscle; myosin; walleye

Document Type: Regular Paper

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.2009.02376.x

Affiliations: 1: Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, 30 Marie Curie, Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 6N5, Canada 2: Department of Biology, Queen's University, 116 Barrie Street, Kingston, Ontario, K7L 3N6, Canada

Publication date: October 1, 2009

bsc/jfb/2009/00000075/00000005/art00005
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