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Lunar and daily spawning rhythms of Senegal sole Solea senegalensis

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Abstract:

A periodicity of 29 days was observed in spawning rhythms in Senegal sole Solea senegalensis, with an acrophase around the last quarter and the new moon. In both spring and autumn, a very marked nocturnal spawning rhythm was registered, with spawning beginning after dusk and the acrophase occurring around 2300 hours. When the photoperiod was artificially extended (from 10L:14D to 14L:10D), S. senegalensis synchronized to the new photoperiod: spawning took place after the new ‘dusk’, the beginning gradually shifting from 2100 to 2300 hours and the acrophase from 2325 to 0032 hours. Under continuous light conditions, fish sustained rhythmicity for 2 days, with an acrophase at 2249 hours, which suggested the existence of an endogenous pacemaker controlling the daily spawning rhythm. These findings provided new insights for better understanding the reproductive physiology of this species and for optimizing the timing protocols of egg collection and larvae production in S. senegalensis aquaculture.

Keywords: biological clock; flatfishes; lunar synchronized spawner; photoperiod synchronized spawner

Document Type: Regular Paper

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.2009.02263.x

Affiliations: 1: Physiology Department, Faculty of Biology, Murcia University, 30100 Murcia, Spain 2: CCMAR, Universidade do Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal 3: IPIMAR, Av. 5 de Outubro s/n, 8700-305 Olhão, Portugal

Publication date: July 1, 2009

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