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Inheritance of microsatellite DNA in bisexual gynogenesis complex of Fangzheng silver crucian carp, Carassius auratus gibelio (Bloch)

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Abstract:

Five gynogenetic progeny groups of silver crucian carp Carassius auratus gibelio were produced and sex ratios (males:total progeny) of each of the progeny groups were analysed. About 110 males and 366 females were genotyped at 15 microsatellite loci for comparison with their parents to (1) verify the gynogenesis status of Fangzheng C. auratus gibelio, (2) detect the incorporation of paternal genetic material into the offspring and (3) study the possible association of genetic exchange at microsatellite loci with the existence of sex. The sex ratios in progenies of five groups were highly variable, but all had significant female bias. The sex ratio ranged from 0 to 0·37. Significant differences in the sex ratio within and between groups were also found. Microsatellite genotyping at 15 loci showed that 100 and 97% of the progeny shared the same genotype with the mother in four groups and in one group, respectively, confirming that gynogenesis is the general mechanism of reproduction in C. auratus gibelio. However, 0·63% of all offspring did show incorporation of paternal genetic material. No single loci tested were associated with the occurrence of male progeny, indicating unknown genetic mechanisms for sex determination in C. auratus gibelio.

Keywords: genetic exchange; gynogenesis; microsatellite DNA; sex ratio; silver crucian carp

Document Type: Regular Paper

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.2008.01946.x

Affiliations: Key Laboratory of Bioengineering Breeding of Northern Fishing, Heilongjiang River Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Harbin 150070, China

Publication date: October 1, 2008

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