A Hin dIII repetitive DNA family from Acrossocheilus paradoxus, a cyprinid fish endemic to Taiwan, was isolated and identified as a tandem arrangement of satellites in the genomic DNA. Cross-hybridization revealed similar patterns across fish genera and two families and suggested that this repetitive DNA is a conserved satellite sequence in fish. Forty-five monomeric repeat units of the repetitive DNA were cloned and sequenced, and found to be approximately 210 base pairs long and to have an average base composition of 52·8% A+T. Alignment analysis by examining 45 cloned repeat DNA strands from 22 individuals from nine different streams suggested that this repetitive DNA is highly polymorphic. The variability of sequences was mainly attributable to point mutations within the sequences. Genetic distances in all repeated DNAs ranged from 0 to 0·129 (average, 0·06). The high levels of genotype diversity and low levels of nucleotide diversity in satellites suggest population expansion of A. paradoxus.