The hypoxic threshold for maximum cardiac performance in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum) during simulated exercise conditions at 18° C
Perfused rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss hearts exposed to simulated exercise conditions (hypoxia, hyperkalemia and acidosis) at 18° C experienced complete failure of maximum cardiac performance at oxygen tensions <5·6 kPa and partial failure at <6·7 kPa. This hypoxic threshold, which occurred in the presence of maximal adrenergic stimulation (500 nM adrenaline), is unusually high compared with previous results at a colder acclimation temperature. Cardiac failure was primarily due to significant decreases (P < 0·05) in heart rate rather than cardiac stroke volume at all hypoxia levels tested.
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