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Size-specific growth of bluegill, largemouth bass and channel catfish in relation to prey availability and limnological variables

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Abstract:

Growth of sympatric populations of three important sport fish species: bluegill Lepomis macrochirus, largemouth bass Micropterus salmoides and channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus, in 14 Illinois reservoirs was assessed in an attempt to relate size-specific growth to environmental conditions. Multiple regression relationships for most species and size classes explained a large percentage of the variation in growth. Growth of small bluegill (50 mm total length, LT) showed a strong negative relationship with bluegill catch per unit effort (cpue), per cent littoral area and pH. Large bluegill (150 mm LT) growth was negatively related to Daphnia spp. and benthic macroinvertebrate abundance and lake volume, and positively related to bluegill cpue. Growth of small (100 mm LT) and large (250 mm LT) largemouth bass was not well explained by any of the measured variables. Growth of both small (300 mm LT) and large (450 mm LT) channel catfish was strongly positively related to forage fishes and ichthyoplankton abundance, and per cent littoral area while negatively related to benthic macroinvertebrates. By identifying environmental conditions associated with increased growth rates, these models provide direction for managing fish populations and suggest testable hypotheses for future study of the complex interactions between environmental conditions and growth.

Keywords: bluegill; channel catfish; growth; habitat; largemouth bass; prey

Document Type: Regular Paper

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.2006.01204.x

Affiliations: Kaskaskia Biological Station, Center for Aquatic Ecology, Illinois Natural History Survey, R.R. 1 Box 157, Sullivan, IL 61951, U.S.A.

Publication date: 2007-01-01

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