The effects of introduced salmonids on two native stream‐dwelling salmonids through interspecific competition

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Abstract:

Using an artificial stream, habitat use by two sympatric native salmonids in the presence and absence of introduced salmonid species was investigated experimentally. When only native white‐spotted charr Salvelinus leucomaenis and masu salmon Oncorhynchus masou were sympatric, they occupied different microhabitats. In the presence of introduced brown trout Salmo trutta or rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss, however, white‐spotted charr and masu salmon were observed to use a similar habitat and interspecific competition between white‐spotted charr and masu salmon was initiated. The study suggested that the coexistence of native salmonids was negatively affected through interspecific competition between native and introduced salmonids.

Keywords: coexistence; habitat preference; habitat shift; interference competition; introduced salmonids

Document Type: Regular Paper

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0022-1112.2006.00997.x

Affiliations: Laboratory of Conservation Biology, Field Science Center for Northern Biosphere, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-0809, Japan

Publication date: April 1, 2006

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