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Genetic analysis of fish genomes and populations: allozyme variation within and among Atlantic salmon from Downeast rivers of Maine

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Analysis of genetic variation within and among samples of naturally produced Atlantic salmon (n = 372) from 7 Maine (U.S.A.) and one Canadian river were conducted based on 54 allozyme loci. Eight of the 54 loci proved polymorphic, and estimated heterozygosities (HS) based on all loci ranged from 0·012 to 0·026 (mean = 0·021,s.e. = 0·002). Only one of 56 tests revealed genotypic proportions that deviated significantly from Hardy–Weinberg expectations. Genetic distances (D) between samples ranged from 0·002 to 0·022. No obvious association existed between genetic and geographic distances. Cluster analysis of genetic distances revealed the Dennys River sample as the most differentiated when all samples were included in the analysis, though bootstrap support of the cluster analysis was generally weak. G‐tests revealed significant differences in allele frequencies among samples at five of the polymorphic loci, and the G‐value summed over all loci also indicated significant differences among samples. FST values indicated that 3·4% of the total genetic diversity was due to variability among samples, while 96·6% was due to variability within samples. These results indicate that the Atlantic salmon analyzed in this study had levels of genetic variability and differentiation among samples comparable to native populations from other areas collected across a similar geographic range.

Keywords: Salmo salar; allozymes; genetic variation; northeastern U.S; population genetics; salmonidae

Document Type: Regular Paper


Affiliations: 1: Genomic Variation Laboratory, Department of Animal Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, U.S.A., 2: Genome Variation Analysis Facility, Department of Natural Resources, Fernow Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, U.S.A. and 3: National Fisheries R&D Laboratory, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, RD 4, Box 63, Wellsboro, PA 16901, U.S.A.

Publication date: 2005-09-01

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