Fasting modulates metabolic responses to cortisol, GH and IGF‐I in Arctic charr hepatocytes

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Abstract:

Hepatocytes in primary culture from fed and 2 month fasted Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus were exposed to physiological doses of either cortisol, salmon growth hormone (GH), salmon insulin‐like growth factor‐I (IGF‐I) or a combination of salmon GH and salmon IGF‐I. Fasting significantly lowered medium glucose levels compared to the fed fish, but had no significant effects on hepatocyte glycogen content or on the activities of enzymes involved in the intermediary metabolism. Cortisol treatment had no effect on hepatocyte glycogen content or on the enzyme activities investigated, but resulted in a significant increase in medium glucose concentration in hepatocytes isolated from fasted, but not fed fish. GH and IGF‐I treatments, both singly and in combination, significantly increased the glycogen content of hepatocytes isolated from fed fish, with less pronounced effects on hepatocytes isolated from fasted fish. The combination of GH and IGF‐I significantly increased lactate dehydrogenase activity regardless of the feeding state and significantly reduced the phosphenolpyruvate carboxykinase activity and medium glucose concentration in hepatocytes isolated from fed fish. Further, GH and IGF‐I significantly increased the activities of alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase in hepatocytes isolated from fasted fish, but not fed fish. There were no effects of GH, IGF‐I, or their combination, on glucose 6‐phosphate dehydrogenase or 3‐hydroxyacyl‐CoA dehydrogenase activities. The results demonstrated that nutritional status of the animal modulates hepatocyte responsiveness to metabolic hormones, and suggested a role for GH and IGF‐I in hepatic glycogen conservation.

Keywords: Salvelinus alpinus; glycogen; in vitro; intermediary metabolism; liver; nutritional status

Document Type: Regular Paper

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.2005.00870.x

Affiliations: 1: Department of Biology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West Waterloo, ON, N2L 3G1, Canada and 2: Norwegian College of Fishery Science, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, N-9037, Norway.

Publication date: December 1, 2005

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