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Parasites of Cynoscion guatucupa along South American Atlantic coasts: evidence for stock discrimination

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Abstract:

Two stocks of striped weakfish Cynoscion guatucupa in the south‐west Atlantic Ocean, were identified using parasites as biological tags. A total of 297 fish caught in Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina, contained 29 species of metazoan parasites. Univariate analysis on parasite populations, as well as multivariate discriminant analysis, calculated for juvenile and adult fish separately, allowed the identification of the two stocks, one from Argentina and Uruguay and the other from Brazil, to be made. Southern samples were characterized by higher prevalences and abundance of larval endohelminths, whereas in the northern stock, gastrointestinal and ectoparasitic species were common. Discriminant analyses on parasite infracommunities of Brazilian fish showed notable differences between juvenile and adult hosts; no such trend was observed in fish from Argentina and Uruguay, despite differences between juveniles and adults at the population level. Different oceanographic conditions and their influence on the distribution of parasites as well as of other hosts involved in their life cycles could be key factors for the differences observed among stocks of C. guatucupa.

Keywords: Cynoscion guatucupa; biological tags; south‐west Atlantic; stocks

Document Type: Regular Paper

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.2005.00867.x

Affiliations: 1: Departamento de Parasitologia Animal, Universidade Federal Rural de Rio de Janeiro, C.P. 74508, CEP 23851-970, Seropédica, RJ, Brazil 2: Laboratorio de Parasitología, Departamento de Biología, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Funes 3350, (7600) Mar del Plata, Argentina,

Publication date: December 1, 2005

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