Daily ration and prey size of juvenile piscivore Japanese Spanish mackerel

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Abstract:

Daily ration of juvenile Japanese Spanish mackerel Scomberomorus niphonius(32·1–33·1 mm standard length, LS) was estimated at three temperatures (18·6, 19·5 and 21·2° C) in the laboratory. Gastric evacuation rate ranged between 0·398 (18·6° C) and 0·431 (21·2° C). Diel change in instantaneous consumption rate indicated that juvenile Japanese Spanish mackerel are daylight feeders. The estimated values of the daily ration ranged between 66·1%(18·6° C) and 82·6%(21·2° C) of body mass. These per cent values of daily ration were converted to daily consumption in mg (28 mg at 18·6° C to 34 mg at 21·2° C) using the mean dry body mass of juvenile Japanese Spanish mackerel of 30 mm (42·1 mg). Stomach content analysis of wild specimens collected in the Seto Inland Sea, south‐western Japan, revealed that the majority of wild Japanese Spanish mackerel larvae and juveniles ingested fish larvae with a body size >50% of the predator LS. Based on the predator‐prey size relationship, the daily consumption of a Japanese Spanish mackerel juvenile of 30 mm was equivalent to 5·1 (18·6° C) to 6·4 (21·2° C) Japanese anchovy Engraulis japonicus larvae which was the dominant prey organism in stomachs of the wild Japanese Spanish mackerel.

Keywords: Scombridae; consumption; juvenile; piscivory; predatory impact

Document Type: Regular Paper

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0022-1112.2005.00813.x

Affiliations: Laboratory of Estuarine Ecology, Field Science Education and Research Center, Kyoto University, Sakyo, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan

Publication date: October 1, 2005

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