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Does light intensity affect self‐feeding and food wastage in group‐held rainbow trout and white‐spotted charr?

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The self‐feeding rhythms of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss and white‐spotted charr Salvelinus leucomaenis were studied when group‐held fishes (n = 10 per group) were fed using self‐feeders under two different light intensities (50 lx, 16 μW cm−2 and 700 lx, 215 μW cm−2) during the light phase of the light‐dark cycle. Food wastage was also measured. At 50 lx, all groups of rainbow trout learned to operate the self‐feeder within 4 days, whereas it took up to 25 days for all groups at 700 lx. In contrast, all groups of white‐spotted charr learned self‐feeding within 17 days, irrespective of light intensity. These results, although non‐significant, suggest that lower light intensities can stimulate instrumental learning in rainbow trout, but not white‐spotted charr. In rainbow trout, the total number of trigger actuations for the entire experimental period was significantly higher at 50 rather than 700 lx, although this may have been related to delayed learning at 700 lx. There was no significant effect in white‐spotted charr. Growth rate (assessed using the thermal growth coefficient) was also higher in rainbow trout but not white‐spotted charr at 50 rather than 700 lx, although this difference was non‐significant. Light intensity had no significant effect on food wastage in either rainbow trout or white‐spotted charr, and it did not appear to affect the proportion of trigger actuations during the light phase. Clear diurnal feeding rhythms were observed in both species and these were classified into four categories: uniform, dawn, dusk and crepuscular. At 50 lx, fish from both species generally fed in temporally localized periods at either dawn and dusk, whilst feeding was predominantly uniform during the light phase at 700 lx.
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Keywords: feeding rhythms; food wastage; light intensity; rainbow trout; self‐feeding; white‐spotted charr

Document Type: Regular Paper

Affiliations: Department of Animal Science, Teikyo University of Science & Technology, 2525 Yatsusawa, Uenohara, Yamanashi 409-0193, Japan

Publication date: 2005-05-01

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