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Effects of regulated discharge on burbot migration

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Abstract:

Burbot Lota lota movement and river discharge were studied in the Kootenai River, Idaho, U.S.A. and British Columbia, Canada, downstream of Libby Dam, Montana, U.S.A. A total of 24 adult burbot with transmitters were tracked from 1994 to 2000, for analysis of a travel distance of ≥5 km in ≤10 days termed ‘stepwise movement’. Of 44 ‘stepwise movements’, significantly greater movements during pre‐spawning and spawning were observed when average daily discharges from Libby Dam were <300 m3 s−1, with a mean of 176 m3 s−1, similar to pre‐dam conditions. Burbot travelled at a greater rate during all seasons (3·36 km day−1) at discharges >300 m3 s−1(mean = 1·84 km day−1) than at discharges >300 m3 s−1 but no difference was found for the pre‐spawning and spawning period. Burbot that started ‘stepwise movements’ in low discharge conditions frequently stopped during low discharges.

Keywords: Kootenai River; Kootenay Lake; Lota lota; burbot; fish migration; regulated river

Document Type: Regular Paper

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0022-1112.2005.00670.x

Affiliations: Idaho Department of Fish and Game 2750 Kathleen Avenue, Coeur d’ Alene, Idaho 83815, U.S.A.

Publication date: May 1, 2005

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