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Use of parasite and genetic markers in delineating populations of winter flounder from the central and south‐west Scotian Shelf and north‐east Gulf of Maine

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Abstract:

Discriminant function analyses of infection parameters of parasitic helminths revealed that abundances of seven helminth species contributed significantly to the delineation of four host populations of winter flounder Pleuronectes americanus from the central and south‐west Scotian Shelf and the north‐east Gulf of Maine (NAFO subdivision 4WX‐5Z). These were adult digeneans, Derogenes varicus, Genolinea laticauda, Steganoderma formosum and Steringophorus furciger, metacercariae of the digenean, Stephanostomum baccatum, and larval nematodes, Anisakis simplex and Hysterothylacium aduncum. The correct classification rate was 84% overall, with Georges Bank (5Z) and Sable Island Bank (4W) winter flounder being the most accurately classified samples at 98 and 88%, respectively. Winter flounder from south‐west Nova Scotia (4X), an inshore sample from St Marys Bay and offshore fish from Browns Bank, had the lowest rates of correct classification (76 and 71%, respectively) due, primarily, to cross‐misclassification between the two samples. Winter pairwise comparisons of four microsatellite markers identified significant genetic differences between all populations sampled with the Georges Bank population being the most genetically distinct overall, and St Marys Bay and Browns Bank fish being the least dissimilar.

Keywords: microsatellites; parasite biological tags; winter flounder

Document Type: Regular Paper

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0022-1112.2005.00659.x

Affiliations: 1: Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Gulf Fisheries Centre, P. O. Box 5030, Moncton, N.B, E1C 9B6 Canada, 2: National Research Council, Institute for Marine Biosciences, 1411 Oxford Street, Halifax, NS, B3H 3Z1 Canada and 3: Fisheries and Oceans Canada, St Andrews Biological Station, 531 Brandy Cove Road, St Andrews, NB, E5B 2L9 Canada

Publication date: April 1, 2005

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