Influence of temperature on silver accumulation and depuration in rainbow trout
Abstract:To assess the influence of water temperature on silver uptake, rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss(c. 50 g; held at 13° C) were exposed to 0·1 μM AgNO3 in ion‐poor water for 1 week at 4 and 16° C without previous temperature acclimation. To assess the influence of temperature on elimination of previously accumulated Ag, rainbow trout were exposed to 0·1 μM AgNO3 in ion‐poor water for 1 week at 12° C, then were randomly divided amongst two Ag‐free water containers, differing only in temperature (3 and 16° C), for 2 months. In the uptake study greater accumulation of Ag was seen in the gills, plasma and especially the livers and bile of ‘warm’ rainbow trout (16° C) compared to ‘cold’ rainbow trout (4° C), which can be explained by the higher metabolic rates of the warmer fish. In the depuration study there was no net elimination of Ag from the livers and bile but there was biphasic elimination of Ag from the gills and plasma of ‘warm’ and ‘cold’ fish, but with few differences between them. This indicated that temperature‐dependent processes were less important in Ag elimination than in Ag uptake. Toxicokinetic modelling of Ag uptake by livers indicated four‐fold greater uptake of Ag by ‘warm’ rainbow trout compared to ‘cold’ rainbow trout (one compartment uptake model). Elimination of previously accumulated Ag from the plasma was best fitted by a two compartment rate‐constant based model, with approximately half the plasma Ag load eliminated within 24 h, followed by slower elimination of Ag over 2 months.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Publication date: June 1, 2004