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Comparative proximate body composition of Atlantic salmon with emphasis on parr from fluvial and lacustrine habitats

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The nutritional status of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar parr was assessed by examining how proximate body composition and energy content (kJ g−1) were associated with the habitat rearing origin of parr utilizing fluvial or lacustrine areas. Comparisons were made among sampling sites within the two habitats, as well as between the two major habitat types applying both fixed effect and random effect models. Mean protein concentration varied from 13·87 to 15·67% among fluvial sites, and from 14·96 to 16·38% among lacustrine sampling locations. Mean fat concentration ranged from 1·71 to 3·32% and from 2·22 to 4·29% among fluvial and lacustrine locations, respectively, with energy concentration, on average, c. 11% higher in lacustrine parr. Interpretation of results of comparisons between habitats was dependent upon the statistical model used. Benefits associated with lacustrine rearing, such as greater body size and nutritional status, have implications for overwintering survival in fresh water as well as subsequent survival during initial sea entrance as smolts.

Keywords: body composition; habitat; lipids; parr; protein; statistical inference

Document Type: Regular Paper


Affiliations: 1: Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Science, Oceans and Environment Branch, P. O. Box 5667, St John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador, A1C 5X1, Canada and 2: Department of Statistics and Actuarial Science, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, V5A 1S6, Canada

Publication date: 2004-05-01

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