Effects of abrupt cold shock on stress responses and recovery in brown trout exhausted by swimming

Authors: Hyvärinen, P.1; Heinimaa, S.2; Rita, H.3

Source: Journal of Fish Biology, Volume 64, Number 4, April 2004 , pp. 1015-1026(12)

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

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Abstract:

To simulate swimming in a trawl, age 3 year brown trout Salmo trutta(L.) were made to swim against a flow of 0·5 m s−1 for 60 min. To simulate cold shock, similar to placing them in a chilling tank, the fish were kept for 10 min in a tank containing ice and water. To simulate the combined stressors, the fish were first made to swim followed by a cold shock. The fish were in a comatose state 10 min after cold shock and combined stressors but conscious after swimming only. All the fish survived until the end of the studied recovery period (maximum 24 h). Cold shock after swimming (combined stressors v. swimming only) did not produce higher blood cortisol, lactate or glucose concentrations 10 min after the treatment. The effect of cold shock, however, was evident in the delayed start of recovery in cortisol and glucose concentrations. All the stress indicators used decreased to the levels for undisturbed fish within 24 h, except in the case of glucose after the combined stressors.

Keywords: Salmo trutta; by‐catch; chilling; stress; trawl

Document Type: Regular Paper

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.2004.0367.x

Affiliations: 1: Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute, Kainuu Fisheries Research and Aquaculture, Manamansalontie 90, FIN-88 300 Paltamo, Finland, 2: Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute, Inari Fisheries Research and Aquaculture, FIN-99 870 Inari, Finland and 3: University of Helsinki, Dept of Forest Resource Management Statistics, P.O. BOX 27, Latokartanonkaari 7, 00 014 University of Helsinki, Finland

Publication date: April 1, 2004

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