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Diet and growth of the endangered Zingel asper in the Durance River

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Annual monitoring of the apron Zingel asper in the Durance River, a tributary of the Rhône in which the fish is endemic, indicated its narrow diet range. Three types of prey made up the basic diet: Diptera (Simulidae and Chironomidae), mainly in winter, and Ephemeroptera (Baetidae) and Trichoptera (Hydropsychidae), during the rest of the year. Although some potential prey (Coleoptera and Gammaridae) were present in the substratum, they were not found in the stomach contents of the apron. In spring specific food items (Heptageneidae) appeared to be actively searched for as indicated by stomach contents. This period coincided with the renewal of growth. More than 80% of the annual occurred before the beginning of autumn.
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Keywords: Zingel asper; diet; endangered fishes; growth; periodicity

Document Type: Regular Paper

Affiliations: E.A. Biodiversite, Laboratoire Hydrobiologie, Université de Provence, 3 Place Victor Hugo, F-13331 Marseille cedex 03, France

Publication date: 2003-08-01

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