Oxygen uptake of growth hormone transgenic coho salmon during starvation and feeding

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Abstract:

Oxygen uptake of growth hormone transgenic coho salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch was measured in individual fish with a closed-system respirometer and was compared with that of similar-sized non-transgenic control coho salmon during starvation and when fed a fixed ration or to satiation. Transgenic and control fish did not differ in their standard oxygen uptake after 4 days of starvation, although control fish had a higher routine oxygen uptake, scope for spontaneous activity and initial acclimation oxygen uptake. During feeding, transgenic fish ate significantly more than control fish, and had an overall oxygen uptake that was 1·7 times greater than control fish. When fish that had eaten the same per cent body mass were compared, transgenic fish had an oxygen uptake that was 1·4 times greater than control fish. Differences in oxygen uptake in growth hormone transgenic coho salmon and non-transgenic fish appear to be due to the effects of feeding, acclimation and activity level, and not to a difference in basal metabolism.

Keywords: Oncorhynchus kisutch; feeding; growth hormone; metabolism; starvation; transgenic

Document Type: Regular Paper

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1095-8649.2003.00096.x

Affiliations: 1: Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of British Columbia, 2357 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4 Canada, 2: West Vancouver Laboratory, Department of Fisheries and Oceans, 4160 Marine Drive, West Vancouver, BC, V7V 1N6 Canada, 3: Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, BC, V5A 1S6 Canada and 4: Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, 6270 University Boulevard, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4 Canada

Publication date: May 1, 2003

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