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Insect transgenesis applied to tephritid pest control

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Tephritid fruit fly species cause major economical losses in crops worldwide. Genetic transformation of insect pests, which are targets of the Sterile Insect Technique (SIT), a key component of area-wide pest management, has been achieved for several years. For the medfly Ceratitis capitata as well as several Bactrocera and Anastrepha species, germline transformation can now be used to bioengineer strains that should increase the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of the SIT. Novel transformation vectors, robust genetic markers and diverse promoters to drive stage- and tissue-specific gene expression provide powerful tools to test the contribution that these technologies can make to current SIT programmes.

Keywords: SIT; fruit flies; monitoring; risk assessment; transgenesis

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1:  Department of Animal Biology, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy 2:  Department of Developmental Biology, Göttingen Center for Molecular Biosciences, GZMB Johann-Friedrich-Blumenbach-Institute of Zoology and Anthropology, Georg-August-University Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany

Publication date: December 1, 2008

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