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Cover crop, rye residue and in-furrow treatment effects on thrips

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Thrips and thrips damage to cotton and peanut plants were compared in plots with in-furrow treatments of aldicarb, phorate and diammonium phosphate (DAP) fertilizer under two tillage regimes with a winter cover of crimson clover and under different levels of rye residue ground cover. Adult and larval thrips numbers were significantly lower in cotton plots following winter crimson clover cultivation compared with no-cover plots in all 3 years. Thrips numbers did not differ with respect to the in-furrow treatments in the clover plots, but in the no-cover plots, they were significantly higher in the untreated control and DAP treatments compared with the aldicarb treatment. Thrips damage was higher in the no-cover than the clover plots except in the aldicarb treatments. Within the cover crop plots, thrips damage was highest in the control and phorate treatments and similar in the DAP and aldicarb treatments. There was an inverse relationship between the amount of rye residue ground cover and thrips density and thrips damage in cotton and peanuts. There was also an inverse relationship between the density of rye residue and damage to peanuts from Bunyaviridae tospovirus. Cotton yield was reduced in the cover crop plots and was not measured in the rye residue and peanut plots. These results suggest that ground cover alone decreases thrips numbers and thrips damage in both cotton and peanuts and that a winter crimson clover cover and an in-furrow treatment of DAP enhanced plant protection from thrips in cotton.
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Keywords: DAP; aldicarb; cotton; crimson clover; peanuts; rye residue; thrips

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Crop Protection & Management Research Unit, USDA-ARS, Tifton, GA 2: Department of Entomology, University of Georgia, RDC, Coastal Plain Experiment Station, Tifton, GA 3: Department of Horticulture, University of Georgia, Coastal Plain Experiment Station, Tifton, GA, USA

Publication date: 01 June 2006

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