Arrhenius and Gleason revisited: new hybrid models resolve an old controversy
Author: Tjørve, Even
Source: Journal of Biogeography, Volume 39, Number 4, 1 April 2012 , pp. 629-639(11)
Aim Studies have typically employed species–area relationships (SARs) from sample areas to fit either the power relationship or the logarithmic (exponential) relationship. However, the plots from empirical data often fall between these models. This article proposes two complementary and hybrid models as solutions to the controversy regarding which model best fits sample‐area SARs.
Methods The two models are
Results The two proposed models fit well not only to Arrhenius’ and Gleason’s data sets, but also to the other six data sets. They also provide a good fit to data sets that follow a sigmoid (or triphasic) shape in log–log space and to data sets that do not fall between the power model and the logarithmic model. The log‐transformation of the dependent variable, S, does not affect the curve fit appreciably, although it enhances the performance of the new models somewhat.
Main conclusions Sample‐area SARs have previously been shown to be convex upward, convex downward (concave), sigmoid and inverted sigmoid in log–log space. The new hybrid models describe successfully data sets with all these curve shapes, and should therefore produce good fits also to what are termed triphasic SARs.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Lillehammer University College, PO Box 952, NO-2604 Lillehammer, Norway
Publication date: April 1, 2012