Skip to main content

Geographic distribution and population size of the mountain tapir (Tapirus pinchaque) in Colombia

Buy Article:

$51.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Abstract:

Aim

We conducted a study to estimate the past and present distribution and population size of T. pinchaque in Colombia.Location

The study included all mountain ranges above 2000 m.Methods

The past distribution was obtained by plotting on a map of past distribution of montane rain forests, the geographical locations with the name `danta' or `tapir' above 2000 m obtained from topographic maps, the locations cited in bibliographic references, and the results of interviews in the 530 Andean municipalities. The present distribution was obtained by plotting the present distribution of montane rain forests, the results of interviews and ground control. Population size was estimated by combining measurements of population density with maps of present distribution.Results

In the past, the species occurred in the central and eastern Cordilleras, as well as in the Andean Massive where the three cordilleras merge in the south of the country. Currently, the species occurs in the central Andes south of Nevados National Park, and in the eastern Andes, south of Paramo de Sumapaz, Bogotá. According to our most optimistic estimates, there are about 2500 tapirs in the Andes of Colombia.Main conclusions

These individuals occur in a total of thirty-five forest patches that range from 5 to 3700 km2. Only five to six fragments have the minimum necessary size (826 km2) to maintain at least 150 individuals, the estimated number to maintain viable population in the short term. The populations most threatened are those of the central Cordillera between P.N. Las Hermosas and P.N. Nevado del Huila where large tracts of mature montane forests are being converted to opium fields.

Keywords: Mountain tapir; Tapirus pinchaque; Tropical montane forest; danta; geographical range; population size

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.0000/135048599352844

Publication date: 2002-01-01

  • Access Key
  • Free ContentFree content
  • Partial Free ContentPartial Free content
  • New ContentNew content
  • Open Access ContentOpen access content
  • Partial Open Access ContentPartial Open access content
  • Subscribed ContentSubscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed ContentPartial Subscribed content
  • Free Trial ContentFree trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more