Skip to main content

Comparison of methods to estimate historic species richness of mammals for tests of faunal relaxation in Canadian parks

Buy Article:

The full text article is temporarily unavailable.

We apologise for the inconvenience. Please try again later.


Some recent tests of faunal change in reserves have relied on, but been limited to, estimates of species richness from random samples of historic range maps. We evaluated a different, Geographic Information Systems (GIS)-based, approach to count species directly, as the latter method might facilitate rapid estimation of historic species richness as well as composition for samples of the same size, shape and exact location as present-day reserves.Location

National parks throughout Canada.Methods

Geographic Information System.Results

The GIS-based method tended to count, in exact locations of modern parks, fewer species (on average, seven disturbance intolerant and five disturbance tolerant) present historically than extrapolated from randomly sampled sites, but the differences were not greater than expected by chance. However, correlations between number of species lost and park size were weaker than reported previously, suggesting a greater potential for other factors to influence a change in species richness (and composition) than inferred earlier.Main conclusions

Direct counts of historic range maps using GIS tools provided a quick means to estimate site-specific historic species richness not statistically different from estimates produced by random sampling. As well, the GIS-based method could yield data about historic species composition for the specific location and size of modern reserves, which may be more ecologically meaningful in terms of assessing what factors may have contributed to the observed species losses.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: Canadian parks; faunal relaxation; historic mammal distributions; island biogeography; range maps; species-area curves

Document Type: Miscellaneous

Publication date: 2001-04-01

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more