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Review of the biogeography of the genus Artemia (Crustacea, Anostraca)

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In this study, we report on the known Artemia habitats worldwide. Recent literature information is incorporated about the taxonomic status of the various populations studied. The genus is composed of di-, tri-, tetra- and pentaploid parthenogenetic populations and of the following bisexual species: A. franciscana franciscana, A. franciscana monica, A. franciscana sp., A. persimilis, A. salina, A. urmiana, A. sinica and A. sp. from Kazakhstan. The problems of characterizing new brine shrimp populations are discussed. In view of the great importance of Artemia as part of the live food chain for the culture of fish and shellfish larvae and the present cyst shortage from the market, the need for commercial exploitation and development of new Artemia sources is now, more than ever, necessary.

Keywords: Artemia; biogeografia; biogeography; brine shrimp

Document Type: Original Article


Affiliations: 1: Laboratory of Aquaculture & Artemia Reference Center, University of Ghent, Rozier 44, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium, 2: Faculty of Sciences, School of Biology, Department of Genetics, Development and Molecular Biology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, GR-540 06 Thessaloniki, Greece

Publication date: March 1, 1998

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