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New data concerning the evolution of the vegetation in Lillo pinewood (Leon, Spain)

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A pollen study of a peat-bog sited in the pinewood of Lillo (León, Spain) is presented. The diagram shows an initial phase where a well-developed pinewood was dominant with deciduous species, followed by a selective clearance process of Pinus. Finally, the pinewood recovers again towards a similar state to that described at the beginning of the profile. Radiocarbon dates point that the timing of peat formation took place around 1720±60 yearsbpand the deforestation on 780±80 yearsbp. The results have allowed to explain the autochthonous character of Lillo pinewood, which remains as one of the few relics of the southern slopes of the Cantabrian Range.

Keywords: Análisis polínico; Cantabrian Range; Cordillera Cantábrica; España; Holoceno reciente; Pinus; Pollen analysis; Recent Holocene; Spain; deforestación; deforestation

Document Type: Original Article


Affiliations: 1: Unidad de Botánica, Dpto Biología, Facultad Ciencias, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, E-28049 Madrid, Spain, 2: Unidad de Botánica, Dpto Silvopascicultura, E.T.S. Ingenieros Montes, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, E28040 Madrid, Spain

Publication date: January 1, 1997


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