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Evaluation of CVD‐Deposited SiO2 as a Sintering Aid for Cubic Boron Nitride Consolidated with Alumina by Spark Plasma Sintering

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Abstract:

A SiO2 nanolayer, 1.0–2.8 mass% in content, was coated on cubic boron nitride (cBN) powder by rotary chemical vapor deposition (RCVD). The morphology of the SiO2 nanolayer changed from isolated islands to a continuous layer with increasing supply rate of the precursor, tetraethyl orthosilicate. The effect of the SiO2 coating on the sinterability and mechanical properties of cBN for machine‐tool applications was evaluated. The SiO2‐coated cBN (cBN/SiO2) powder was mixed with Al2O3 and consolidated by spark plasma sintering (SPS) at 1473–1873 K. The phase transformation temperature of cBN to hexagonal BN (hBN) in Al2O3–cBN/SiO2 was 1773 K, 100 K higher than that in Al2O3–cBN composites. The highest density of the Al2O3–cBN/SiO2 composites was 99.5% at 30 vol% cBN/SiO2 content, at which the microhardness and fracture toughness were 28 GPa and 4.1 MPa·m1/2, respectively. This indicates that RCVD‐deposited SiO2 is a promising sintering aid for cBN and Al2O3–cBN/SiO2 sintered bodies produced by SPS may be applicable as cutting tools.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1551-2916.2012.05269.x

Publication date: September 1, 2012

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