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Nucleation and Growth of Nanocrystals in Glass‐Ceramics: An In Situ SANS Perspective

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Abstract:

We studied the nucleation and growth of nano‐sized crystals on two glass‐ceramic systems: a conventional lithium‐aluminosilicate (LAS) and a (Mg,Zn) spinel. We combined several techniques: in situ Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and laboratory X‐ray diffraction (XRD). We observed by SANS, and confirmed by DSC, that during a temperature ramp, transient phenomena occur between the regions of nucleation and growth in the LAS, which do not follow classic kinetic theories. In contrast, the spinel material shows a smooth transition during the temperature ramp between the nucleation and the growth stages, and follows a more conventional growth pattern. In the spinel system the initial phase separation plays a very important role in determining the crystalline phase distribution in the glassy matrix, as crystallites are confined only in one phase.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1551-2916.2012.05093.x

Publication date: April 1, 2012

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