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Relaxor Characteristics of Morphotropic Phase Boundary (Bi1/2Na1/2)TiO3–(Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3 Modified with Bi(Zn1/2Ti1/2)O3

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Morphotropic phase boundary (Bi1/2Na1/2)TiO3–(Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3 (BNT–BKT), was modified with increasing additions of Bi(Zn1/2Ti1/2)O3 (BZT). Microstructure, electric‐field‐induced strain and polarization, dielectric permittivity, and temperature‐dependent piezoelectric coefficient were investigated and compared with crystal structure measured in situ as a function of applied electric field. Furthermore, permittivity and piezoelectric coefficient were characterized as a function of electric field. For small additions of BZT, an applied electric field leads to an irreversible phase transition into a ferroelectric phase with remanent polarization and a reduced relative permittivity. Increasing the content of BZT increased the threshold field for the transition. For additions of more than 2 mol% BZT, the piezoelectric coefficient dropped, permittivity remained almost constant, and a high normalized strain of up to 500 pm/V was observed. However, no field‐dependent structural change was evidenced by the in situ X‐ray experiment.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: December 1, 2011


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