Bismuth layer-structured ferroelectric ceramics of (1−x)Na0.5Bi2.5Nb2O9–xLiNbO3 (NBN–LN, 0≤x≤0.2) were synthesized by a traditional solid-state reaction. The effects of LN addition on the microstructure and electrical properties of ceramics were studied carefully. It was found that the ceramics with x≤0.10 have a bismuth oxide layered structure. With the increasing of LN addition, the mechanical quality factor Qm firstly increases, and then decreases with a maximum value of 4820 at x=0.02. The Curie temperature Tc increases gradually and the electrical properties of NBN-based ceramics are improved significantly by the addition of LN. The piezoelectric constant d33, dielectric loss tan , Curie temperature Tc, and remanent polarization Pr of 0.90Na0.5Bi2.5Nb2O9–0.10LiNbO3 ceramics were found to be 21 pC/N, 0.16%, 789°C, and 7.37 C/cm2, respectively. Thermal annealing and aging studies indicate that the NBN–LN system possesses stable piezoelectric properties, demonstrating that the NBN–LN ceramics are the promising candidates for high-temperature applications.
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Document Type: Research Article
Department of Material Science and Engineering, Jiangxi Key Laboratory of Advanced Ceramic Materials, Jingdezhen Ceramic Institute, Jingdezhen 333001, China
Department of Applied Physics and Materials Research Center, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong 999077, China
Publication date: 2011-04-01