Phase Formation in the System ZrO2–LaO1.5–MnOx in Air and P ∼1 Pa After 500 h of Annealing at 1200° and 1400°C
Abstract:The phase relation in the ZrO2–LaO1.5–MnOx system has been experimentally determined at 1200° and 1400°C in air and at 1200°C in N2 ( ∼100 Pa). Tie lines between LaMnO3 and t-ZrO2 and between LaMnO3 and La2Zr2O7 are observed at 1200°C in air. The geometry of the phase diagram changes at 1400°C in air due to the appearance of a stabilized ZrO2 phase, found to be of cubic symmetry by backscattered electron diffraction. Tie lines of LaMnO3–c-ZrO2, LaMnO3–La2Zr2O7, and c-ZrO2–La2Zr2O7 are observed. At 1200°C in N2 ( ∼100 Pa), the LaMnO3–t-ZrO2 tie line observed at 1200°C in air is replaced by the La2Zr2O7–MnO tie line. Stabilization of c-ZrO2 is observed and a new compound forms, which is being reported for the first time. The proposed composition of the new compound is La2Zr5MnO14+.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Fuel Cells and Solid State Chemistry Division, Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, DTU, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
Publication date: September 1, 2010