Surface Devitrification and the Growth of Cristobalite in Borofloat® (Borosilicate 8330) Glass
Abstract:Borofloat® (borosilicate 8330) glass is an important type of inorganic glass, both scientifically and commercially. During prolonged heat treatment of this glass above its glass transition temperature of 525°C, heterogeneous nucleation, and growth of cristobalite crystals occur. The kinetics and morphology of this crystal growth have been studied for heat treatment temperatures at and above 660°C. The activation energy for crystal growth is estimated to be 185±10 kJ/mol. This is attributed to the diffusion of boron, rather than sodium, being the rate-limiting step within the borosilicate framework. Contact with the atmosphere is shown to initiate the nucleation of cristobalite crystals, while deposition of a thin silicon nitride surface coating on the glass helps to prevent this nucleation.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Institute of Mechanics Processes and Control—Twente (IMPACT) and MESA+ Institute for Nanotechnology, University of Twente, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands 2: Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3QZ, U.K.
Publication date: 2010-09-01