Electrode Properties of the Ruddlesden–Popper Series, Lan+1NinO3n+1 (n=1, 2, and 3), as Intermediate-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Abstract:The Ruddlesden–Popper phases, Lan+1NinO3n+1 (n=1, 2, and 3), were synthesized by a solid-state reaction for use as cathodes in an intermediate-temperature (500°–700°C) solid oxide fuel cell. The samples crystallized into an orthorhombic layered perovskite structure. The overall electrical conductivity increased with the increase of n in the intermediate temperature range. Single test-cells, which consisted of samarium-oxide-doped ceria (SDC; Sm0.2Ce0.8Ox) as an electrolyte, Ni–SDC cermet (Ni–SDC) as an anode, and Lan+1NinO3n+1 as a cathode, were fabricated for measurements of cell performance at 500°–700°C. Current interruption measurements revealed that both the ohmic and overpotential losses at 700°C decreased with the increase of n. La4Ni3O10 was found to exhibit the best cathode characteristics in the Lan+1NinO3n+1 series. Maximum test-cell power densities with La4Ni3O10 (n=3) were 10.2, 36.5, and 88.2 mW/cm2 at 500°, 600°, and 700°C, respectively.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Material and Energy Science, Graduate School of Environmental Science, Okayama University, Tsushima-Naka, Okayama 700-8530, Japan
Publication date: August 1, 2010