Viscosity and Softening Behavior of Alkali Zinc Sulfophosphate Glasses
We report on the softening properties and viscosity of glasses from the system ZnO–Na2O–SO3–P2O5 for low-temperature sealing applications. Up to a ratio of network-forming ions PO43−:SO42− of about 2:1, a gradual substitution of P2O5 by SO3 results in decreasing glass transition and softening temperatures. At the same time, decreasing kinetic fragility is observed, noteworthy even for decreasing the total amount of network former from 44 at.% to 39 at.%. Thermomechanical and calorimetric analyses reveal a distinct SO42−-promoted relaxation phenomenon at temperatures significantly below the macroscopic glass transition temperature, which is interpreted as a result of the formation of an increasingly interconnected assembly of SO42− and PO43− units with increasing SO3 content.
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