The Influence of Titania on Creep in Superplastic Zirconia
Detailed high-temperature compression creep experiments on a pure 3 mol% yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia (3YTZ) and 3YTZ doped with 4.8 wt% TiO2 revealed that both materials exhibit a similar transition in stress exponents from n∼1 to n∼2 with a decrease in stress. The stress exponent of 1 and the inverse grain size dependence p of ∼3 are consistent with the Coble diffusion creep at high stresses; the increase in stress exponent at low stresses is attributed to an interface-controlled diffusion creep process. Measurements revealed that grain-boundary sliding contributes to >∼50% of the total strain in both regions with n∼1 and n∼2, indicating the operation of the same fundamental deformation process in both regions. The creep data indicate that doping with TiO2 leads to an increase in the grain-boundary diffusion coefficients. The increase observed in the dihedral angle with doping is also consistent with the increase in grain boundary diffusion coefficient and the reported enhanced ductility in such materials.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012, India
Publication date: 2010-06-01