Synthesis and Crystal Structure Characterization of Silicate Apatite Sr2Y8(SiO4)6O2
Pure Sr2Y8(SiO4)6O2 powders were obtained after a solid-state reaction at 1400 °C for 6 h using the nanosized Y2O3, commercial SrCO3, and silica gel. The nanosized Y2O3 powder was synthesized by a precipitation method using Y(NO3)3 and NH4HCO3, followed by a heat treatment. The crystal structure of Sr2Y8(SiO4)6O2 was characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, Rietveld refinement, and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. Results show that Sr2Y8(SiO4)6O2 has a typical apatite-type structure AI4AII6(BO4)6X2 in the P63/m space group. The lattice parameters are a=9.3884(6) Å and c=6.8657(4) Å. There are two special sites, AI (4f) and AII (6h), in the apatite structure. The AII sites are fully occupied by Y, while the AI sites are randomly filled by Y and Sr atoms. The crystallographic data obtained from Sr2Y8(SiO4)6O2 and other silicate oxyapatites are compared and summarized.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 639798
Publication date: 2010-04-01