A series of compounds in the Li2O–Bi2O3–MoO3 ternary system were investigated with regard to the preparation, phase composition, microwave dielectric properties, and chemical compatibility with silver (Ag) and aluminum (Al) electrodes. All the ceramics in this work have sintering temperatures lower than 750°C. The sintering behaviors and microwave dielectric properties of three single phases Li2MoO4, (Li0.5Bi0.5)MoO4, and Li8Bi2Mo7O28 bulk ceramics, were of particular focus in this investigation. The Li2MoO4 ceramic can be sintered to a high density at 540°C/2 h with a relative permittivity ∼5.5, a Q×f value of 46 000 GHz, and a temperature coefficient of resonant frequency (TCF) of ∼−160 ppm/°C. The (Li0.5Bi0.5)MoO4 ceramic has a scheelite structure and the largest relative permittivity of 44.4 among the ceramics studied in this work with a sintering temperature around 560°C, a Q×f value of 3200 GHz, and a large positive TCF of ∼+245 ppm/°C. The Li8Bi2Mo7O28 ceramic could be sintered at 540°C and has a relative permittivity of 13.6, a Q×f value of 8000 GHz, and a small negative TCF value of ∼−59 ppm/°C. From the X-ray diffraction analysis of cofired ceramics, the Li2MoO4 ceramic does not react with either Ag or Al powders. The Li8Bi2Mo7O28 ceramic reacts with Ag but not with Al at its densification temperature. The (Li0.5Bi0.5)MoO4 ceramic was found to strongly react with Ag powder and to a limited extent with Al powders. From this study, the Li2O–Bi2O3–MoO3 ternary system has a number of attractive new materials with low sintering temperatures, high-performing microwave dielectric properties, chemical compatibility with both Ag and Al metal electrodes, nontoxicity, and low-cost constituents. All these materials can be included in the new field of ultra-low-temperature cofiring dielectrics for multilayer applications.
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Document Type: Research Article
Center for Dielectric Studies, Materials Research Institute, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802
Electronic Materials Research Laboratory, Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Education, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China
Publication date: 01 April 2010