Sol–Gel Synthesis and Characterization of CeOx–SiO2–TiO2 Thin Films
Abstract:CeOx–SiO2–TiO2 (CST) thin films deposited on glass are successfully prepared by sol–gel dip-coating method and characterized using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), atomic force microscopy (AFM), ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) absorption, and water contact angle measurement techniques. XPS results indicate that Ti exists mainly in the form of Ti4+. Ce4+ and Ce3+ coexist and Si exists in the form of Si4+ on the surface of the CST films. The asymmetric O 1s peaks fitted by Gaussian–Lorentz function are also discussed. AFM analysis reveals that no spherical particles are observed for the CST film due to its smaller particles, and it has lower surface roughness as compared with pure TiO2 film. The UV-vis spectra demonstrate that absorption edges for the CST film with Ce/Ti=5% exhibit obvious red shift as compared with pure TiO2 film. Especially for Si/Ti=10% samples, band gap energy reduces to a minimum of about 2.87 eV. Moreover, CST films have much smaller water contact angle of less than 10°, while the pure TiO2 film shows a water contact angle of 60°. The Si/Ti=20% samples reach superhydrophilicity with water contact angle of 3° after UV irradiation for 30 min.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Inorganic Materials, School of Resources Processing and Bioengineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
Publication date: April 1, 2010