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Effect of Applied Stress on IR transmission of Spark Plasma-Sintered Alumina

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Abstract:

The effect of applied stress on IR transmittance of nanocrystalline alumina prepared by spark plasma sintering was evaluated. Transparent alumina with maximum transmittance >80% was obtained over the entire mid-IR wavelength range of 3–5 m by applying a high stress of 275 MPa at 1150°C using specially designed high-strength compound dies. The transmittance observed was similar to previous reports at identical wavelengths, but at a lower sintering temperature. The transparent samples have an average grain size of 0.3 m and a hardness of 23 GPa. At lower stresses and sintering temperatures, transmittance reduced drastically due to remnant pores in the matrix as observed from the microstructural analysis. The effect of porosity was found to be critical in developing transparency as even a marginal decrease in porosity led to substantial increase in transmittance.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1551-2916.2009.03509.x

Affiliations: International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI), Hyderabad 500005, Andhra Pradesh, India

Publication date: April 1, 2010

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